top of page

MCCC 2017




All qualifying teams shall be civil engineering students. As representatives of civil engineering profession, all competition participants are expected to and must act professionally and courteously.



A team may register up to a maximum of five (5) male and five (5) female participants. Teams may have less than ten (10) registered participants. Registered participants are the only persons eligible to present or answer questions for the Oral Presentation and/or compete in the races. No change of participants is allowed after registration is closed.



Students are encouraged to contact corporate sponsors to request samples, materials and/or relevant product information. Contact information for national sponsors can be accessed through the company logo links available on the official MCCC website.



The use of trade and company names for services, products, and intellectual property shall be permitted in the design report, oral presentation and product display for informational purposes only.



Requests for Information (RFI) should be directed via e-mail to the Committee on Malaysia Concrete Canoe Competition (MCCC) at Official responses will be posted to the MCCC 2017 Facebook page. The cut-off date for submitting a RFI is Friday, June 17, 2017. Those received after this date will not be acknowledged or addressed.


All RFIs will be made public. The MCCC has a Facebook Page ( to post relevant information including RFI responses. This Facebook page is not intended for the submission of RFIs and any posted to the page will not be addressed by the MCCC.



General information on the competition as well as registration information for the Malaysia Concrete Canoe Competition is located on the ACI Malaysia website. Students shall be responsible for registration materials and Design Paper submittal deadlines published on these websites.



Under the “Spirit of the Competition,” the judges and/or the MCCC have the final authority to determine what constitutes a violation and may take appropriate action towards point deduction or disqualification. The decision by judges is final.



It is the responsibility of the participating schools to remove their entire canoe and any associated debris from the host site after the competition. ACI Malaysia has the option to remove any remaining canoe debris from the site and bill the responsible school.



It is the responsibility of all participants to comply with Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia (DOSH, policies. It is the responsibility of all participants to know about the materials with which they are working. Participants should obtain and read Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for each material with which they will be working. It is the responsibility of all participants to work in a safe manner in a safe workplace environment.


2.1.   GENERAL
The canoe shall pass a flotation test where the canoe breaks the water’s surface, when completely filled with water. The canoe shall be certified as safe before entering any race to the satisfaction of the judges. Canoes that do not pass the flotation test will be disqualified. 


2.2.1    Length

The length of the canoe, defined as the maximum end-to-end (bow to stern) measurement taking into account the outermost longitudinal dimension of the hull, is restricted to 4.5 metre.

All concrete mixtures shall comply with all of the rules and regulations presented in Section 3 – CONCRETE. All materials which are not part of a concrete mixture, with the exception of materials that are used for flotation, shall be classified as a reinforcing material and shall comply with all of the specifications presented in Section 4 - REINFORCEMENT.

2.4    PADDLES
Canoes shall be paddled and not rowed. Paddles shall be single-bladed and may be straight bladed or bent. Spare paddles are permitted in the canoe during the races. Paddles are to be prepared by participants.

The use of non-skid tape or other slip resistant material is not permitted.

2.6.1    Requirements

The intent of the flotation test is to ensure that canoes will break the water’s surface so that they can be recovered in the event the canoe becomes submerged during the course of a race. Canoes are to be able to pass the flotation test either by the inherently buoyant design of the canoe (i.e., lightweight concrete) or through the incorporation of flotation material in the design. For safety reasons, no hollow cavities or air bladders are permitted. Flotation material shall be solid blocks of material. Canoes that failed in the test are not eligible to participate in the race. 

2.6.2    Flotation Test
The canoe shall pass a flotation test whereby the canoe floats horizontally, with both ends breaking water’s surface, within two (2) minutes of being completely filled with water (see the Figure 2.2).

Teams have a maximum of ten (10) minutes to fully submerge and remove their canoe from the flotation tank or body of water where testing is being conducted. Teams are encouraged to bring their own supplies (i.e., buckets) to ensure that their canoe can be submerged and removed within the required time period. Teams shall submerge their canoe by whatever means necessary (such as, filling the canoe with buckets of water, tilting the canoe so that water fills in, pushing it downward, etc.) and are solely responsible for handling the canoe to meet the requirements of the test. 

A canoe shall be deemed as successfully passing the flotation test if it floats level and breaks the surface of the water without sinking once completely submerged. 

2.7    REPAIRS
2.7.1    Repairs Made During Competition

During the competitions, inclusive of all events and transportation to and from the events, repairs can be made only with tape. Any type of tape is allowed. The repair shall be conducted under the supervision of MCCC committee and up to the judge’s decision to allow the proposed repair.

2.7.2    Repair Materials
Pre-packaged or pre-mixed concrete, mortar, or grout is not permitted in the construction or repair of the canoe. Poly urethane, epoxy, or similar materials are not permitted as patching or filler material at any time during the construction of the canoe, as a legal repair material for the canoe during the competitions.


3.1    GENERAL
Concrete mixtures are considered as unique and independent mixes and shall comply with all of the requirements of this section. Pre-packaged or pre-mixed concrete, mortar, or grout is not permitted. Poly urethane, epoxy or similar materials are not permitted during the casting of the canoe (i.e., placement of concrete, reinforcement and flotation). Mixtures used as filler and patching materials during the construction of the canoe, including repairs during initial construction such as cracks, “bug holes,” low spots, etc., shall meet all of the requirements of this section.


3.2.1    Cement

The cement binder could be hydraulic or non-hydraulic (or a combination of these two cement). 


3.2.2    Density    Fresh concrete density

The fresh concrete density should be determined based on BS EN 12350-6.    Hardened concrete density
The oven dried density of concrete should be determined based on BS EN 12390-7.


3.3    Documentation
3.3.1    Mix Proportion Table

The mix proportions of any concrete mixture used in building the canoe should be summarised in Table 3.1 (Concrete mixture data table) and should be included in Appendix in design papers. Participants should be responsible for the accuracy and correct determination of all values and proper use of significant figures. 


3.3.2    Engineering properties
The fresh and hardened engineering properties such as concrete density, strengths and air content shall be reported in SI unit and determined with industry standards (e.g. BS EN 12350-6, BS EN 12350-7, BS EN 12390-3, BS EN 12390-6, BS EN 12390-7, etc.) on the design paper.


3.3.3    Material Data Sheets (MDS)
Material Data Sheets (MDS) for each material used in the canoe construction should be presented under Appendix of the Design Papers (Section 6.0). This includes, but is not limited to, cementitious materials, aggregate (other than natural or manufactured sands), admixtures, and pigments. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are not equivalent documentation for MDS. 
For unaddressed equivalent materials shall be submitted to and approved by the MCCC as alternatives prior to their application.


3.3.4    Aggregate Sample(s)
A minimum 500 mililitre (ml) samples representative of both the individual aggregates and composite aggregate blends used in each concrete mixture shall be made available as part of the product display. Samples shall be labelled accordingly and provided in transparent containers.


3.3.5    Concrete Sample(s)
A 100 mm diameter cylindrical sample of each concrete mixture used in the canoe shall be made available for compliance checking as part of the product display. The sample (s) shall be a quality (QC) test sample taken during the construction. It must be representative of the in-place density, colour, consistency and make-up of the concrete (s) used in the canoe.
The concrete cylinder shall be provided. In two halves, preferable sawn in half, or broken by performing a splitting tensile test (BS EN 12390-6). 
Participants should also bring a long one (1) complete (unbroken) 100 mm diameter cylindrical sample of each concrete mixture used in the concrete canoe construction for density verification. This sample should be prepared according to BS EN 12390-2. Participants shall make sure all the submitted samples during the competition are oven-dried.
In case of doubt, powdered sample will be obtained from the canoe and oven dried sample to undergo X-ray fluorescence spectrometry analysis. 


4.1    GENERAL
All primary reinforcement shall not be exposed. The materials which are not part of a concrete mixture shall be classified as reinforcing material and they shall meet the requirement of the specifications outlined below. This does not apply to the floatation materials.


All primary reinforcement in the canoe shall have adequate open space to allow for the mechanical bonding of the concrete composite. The determination of sufficient open space of the reinforcement is measured by percent open area (POA) as defined in Section 4.3.1. 

Solid mats or plates for reinforcing are not permitted. Fibres that are dispersed into the concrete are considered to be a secondary reinforcement. 


4.3.1    Percent Open Area (POA)

The minimum Percentage Open Area (POA) is 40%. The POA is calculated using the equation below:


For example:
Given: A fibre reinforcing mesh with a 64 square millimetre aperture size (8 mm by 8 mm aperture dimensions). The thickness of fibres along the sample length was determined to be 3 mm wide while the thickness along the sample width was found to be 5.00 mm wide.

4.4.1    Reinforcement and Percent Open Area (POA) Calculations
The measurements and calculations of the reinforcement(s) Percent open area (POA) calculations of each of the reinforcement types used shall also be presented under Tab C.

4.4.2    Reinforcement Samples
A minimum 300 mm x 300 mm. square sample of each reinforcement material used in the canoe shall be made available for compliance checking and product display. If bars, tendons or strands are utilized, a sample of with a minimum length of 300 mm length shall be provided.


4.4.3    Material Technical Data Sheets
Material Data Sheets (MDS) for each reinforcement material used in the construction of the canoe shall be presented under Appendix of the Design Papers.


5.1    GENERAL
All Material must be environmentally safe. 


The school name (no initials) and the canoe name shall be prominently displayed on the exterior of the canoe, above the waterline, on both sides, with individual (not a continuous decal) letters. 

Graphics such as logos, symbols, etc. created using concrete colouring agents and pigments within the concrete mix design (i.e., integrally coloured concrete) are not limited in dimension or frequency. 

The colouring agents or pigments used shall be in accordance with BS EN 12878. Teams are responsible to ensure the colouring agents used should not pollute/contaminate the surrounding environment.

5.4.1    Material Data Sheets

Material Data Sheets (MDS) for each material used in the construction of the canoe shall be filed under Appendix of the Design Papers. This includes, but is not limited to pigments, sealers and curing compounds.


The design paper shall be present on white A4 size paper in portrait orientation. The body text shall be in English with font size 12-point, normal width character spacing, Times New Roman or Arial font, and at least single spaced. Section headings and subheadings may be any legible font size. 

The content of the design paper includes an executive summary, project management, material development & testing and any other relevant details regarding the design & construction of concrete canoe.

The appendix of design paper must consists of references, mixture proportions, material data sheet, percentage Open Area (POA) of Primary Reinforcement and other relevant calculation/ analysis data.

All 6 bound copies of the design paper must be received no later than 5.00 pm 14th July 2017 at the following address:

ACI Malaysia
No. 70-1, Jalan PJS 5/30,
Pusat Dagangan Petaling Jaya Selatan (PJCC),
46150 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.

The electronic design paper shall be considered the official and final version of the design paper. The electronic design paper must be received no later than 5.00 pm 14th July 2017 at the following email address. Penalties will be assessed for late, partial or incomplete submissions. 

bottom of page